6 U.S.Navy Judge Advocate General's Corps, “Summary of Claims of the People's Republic of China”, January 2017, http://www.jag.navy.mil/organization/documents/mcrm/China2017.pdf
7 U.S.Department of Defense, “Freedom of Navigation Report for Fiscal Year 2014”, March 23, 2015, https://policy.defense.gov/Portals/11/Documents/gsa/cwmd/20150323%202015%20DoD%20Annual%20FON%20Report.pdf
8 Christine Shelly, “US Policy on Spratly Islands and South China Sea”, U.S.Department of State Daily Briefing, May 10, 1995, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/dpb/
9 “Speech of Hillary Rodham Clinton”, Vietnam, July 23, 2010, http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2010/07/145095.htm;Hillary Rodham Clinton, Hard Choices, Simon&Schuster, 2014, p.79.
10 Phnom Penh, “Joint Statement of the 4th ASEAN-U.S.Leaders'Meeting”, Cambodia, 19 November, 2012, https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/11/20/joint-statement-4th-asean-us-leaders-meeting
11 Daniel R.Russe, l“Maritime Disputes in East Asia”, Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, February 5, 2014, http://www.state.gov/p/eap/rls/rm/2014/02/221293.htm
12 Office of Ocean and Polar Affairs, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, U.S.Department of State, “Limits in the Seas No.143-China:Maritime Claims in the South China Sea”, December 5, 2014, https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/234936.pdf
13 Donald R.Rothwel, l“Navigational Rights and Freedoms in the Asia Pacific Following Entry into Force of the Law of the Sea Convention”, Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol.35, 1995, p.588.
14 Sally J.Cummins eds., Office of the Legal Adviser, United States Department of State, Digest of U.S.Practice in International Law, Co-published by Oxford University Press and the International Law Institute, 2004, p.703, http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/139391.pdf
15 Lynn Kuok, “The U.S.FON Program in the South China Sea:A Lawful and Necessary Response to China's Strategic Ambiguity”, East Asia Policy Paper 9, Center For East Asia Policy Studies at Brookings, June2016, https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/The-US-FON-Program-in-the-South-China-Sea.pdf
16 〈英〉詹宁斯、瓦茨修订, 王铁崖等译《奥本海国际法》 (第一卷第二分册) , 中国大百科全书出版社, 1998年, 第35-36页。
17 “Malaysia, Morocco, Oman and Yemen:Draft Articles on Navigation Through the Territorial Sea, Including Straits Used For International Navigation”, Official Records of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, Vol.III, Document:A/CONF.62/C.2/L.16.
18 “Informal Single Negotiating Text (part II) ”, Official Records of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, Vol.IV, Document:A/CONF.62/WP.8/PartI I.