来自 艺术 2018-11-22 15:17 的文章

在新时期环境下我国儿童文学价值观念的发展演变

      儿童文学论文二:
 

  题目:新时期以来我国儿童文学价值观念的发展演变

 

  摘要:儿童文学价值观念是评价主体有关“儿童文学有价值”之回答, 其内涵是人们关于儿童文学的价值选择和价值取向。价值观念蕴含在儿童文学理论批评、文学思潮及创作现象中, 是某一时期社会所追求倡导的儿童文学主要发展形态的精神指针。本文对新时期以来我国儿童文学界在这一问题上的一些基本观点做了梳理, 研究思路既是学科史的, 同时更突出问题导向, 在积极整合价值观念研究既有学术资源的基础上, 努力呼应现实问题, 建设儿童文学理论批评的新价值体系。

 

  关键词:儿童文学; 价值观念; 儿童观; 双主体性; 分化期;

 

  Abstract:Values in children's literature refer to the evaluation subjects' responses to the question of“what value does children's literature have”, with a connotation on the options and orientations of values in children's literature. Values are contained in the literary criticisms, literary trends and writing practices of children's literature, offering people with a spiritual guidance for the pursuit and appreciation of the main form of children's literature in its course of development. This paper summarizes some basic views in this domain in children's literature. The research provides a new approach that both gives a full reflection of the history of the discipline and targets at solving some prominent problems. On the basis of a dynamic integration of current academic resources of views of value in children's literature, the present paper endeavors to echo with problems exist in reality and tries to construct a new value system in the literary criticism for children's literature.

 

  Keyword:Children's Literature; Values; Views on Children; Dual Subjectivity; Differentiation Period;

 

  从我国20世纪早期儿童文学发生至20世纪40年代, 价值观念集中体现在“民族国家想象、‘儿童本位’与‘儿童世界’、‘现实主义’与社会政治功能的强化”等若干维度 (1) , 关于儿童文学有价值之理解游移在童真世界内部以及其与外部客观现实的密切关联上。“解放以后, 从事儿童文学者都特别注重于作品的教育意义, 而又把所谓‘教育意义’者看得太狭太窄, 把政治性和教育意义等同起来, 于是就觉得可写的东西不多了, 这真是作茧自缚。” (2) 新时期儿童文学置身于崭新的时代语境, 重振秩序, 对前一时期儿童文学价值功能窄化的问题有关键性突破, 围绕向儿童与向文学的双重回归开始了价值重建。其后到20世纪90年代, 乃至新世纪, 价值观念随时代变化不断演绎出新的特征。本文力图梳理分析新时期以来至今近四十年内我国儿童文学价值观念的主要形态及其演变趋势, 为价值学视点的研究提供理论参考。